Personal Protective Equipment Program
The use of appropriate personal
protective safety equipment applies to faculty, staff, students,
visitors and volunteers performing tasks or entering areas
that require specific Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
1. Program Description
5. Specific Program Components
6. Reporting Requirements
7. Competency Assessment and training Requirements
8. Information and External
In order to protect the health and welfare of each employee and to strive
towards compliance with state, federal and local regulations, appropriate
protective equipment is required in areas where there may be a risk of
injury or exposure to hazardous substances or conditions. This program
contains general requirements to protect University employees from various
hazards encountered in their work area.
The use of appropriate personal protective safety equipment applies
to faculty, staff, students, visitors and volunteers performing tasks
or entering areas that require specific Personal Protective Equipment
Other requirements for the use of PPE are defined for hazard specific
Use Authorization (RUA)
Use Authorization (BUA)
Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)
The program does not apply to uniforms (i.e., attire, excluding shoes,
which are worn for the purpose of ready visual identification) worn by
personnel in Police, Parking and Guard occupations. Please refer to Human
Resources for specific requirements as defined in negotiated contracts.
Eye/Face Protection - Equipment designed
to provide protection to the face and eyes during exposure to such hazards
as flying particles, molten metal or sparks, liquid chemicals, acids
or caustic liquids, or potentially injurious light radiation (i.e., lasers,
Foot Protection - Equipment designed
to provide protection to the feet and toes during exposure to situations
with the potential for foot injuries such as falling or rolling objects,
chemical or liquid exposures, piercing objects through the sole or uppers,
and/or where the employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards.
Hand Protection - Equipment designed
to provide protection to the hands during exposures to potential hazards
such as sharp objects, abrasive surfaces, temperature extremes and chemical
contact. Hand protection is selected based upon the hazard and performance
characteristics of the gloves.
Hazard Assessment - The process
utilized to identify hazards in the workplace and to select the appropriate
Personal Protective Equipment to guard people against potential hazards
for Selection of Personal Protective Equipment).
Head Protection - Equipment designed to
provide protection to the head during exposure to potential hazards such
as falling objects, striking against low hanging objects, or electrical
Hearing Protection - Equipment designed
to provide protection to an individual's hearing during exposure to high
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) -
Includes all equipment designed to provide protection to the wearer from
potential hazards to the eyes, face, hands, head, feet, ears, and extremities.
Respiratory Protection - Equipment
designed to provide protection to the wearer from potential inhalation
hazards such as vapors, mists, particulates, and gases.
Each supervisor has the responsibility to protect his/her employees from injury.
Hazards should be evaluated, controlled or eliminated if possible, prior to
the start of any work where hazards have been identified. If hazards may not
be eliminated, then guards and protective equipment should be utilized to ensure
the safety of employees.
4.1 Principal Investigators (P.I.,)/Supervisors/Safty Representative (SR's)
- Each supervisor should complete a Workplace
Hazard Assessment and Corrections Tool for the activities
in his/her area to identify potential hazards and methods for their elimination.
Hazard assessments will be conducted initially or when work practices
change, reviewed annually, and maintained in the department.
- The supervisor or PI may have the Laboratory Safety Representatives
(LSR's), or the Unit Safety Representatives (USR's), [ LSR's
and ULR's ] do the hazard assessment.
- The supervisor must determine, based on the Workplace Hazard Assessment,
the correct PPE necessary to perform work activities in a safe manner.
- Each supervisor is responsible for ensuring that employees wear
the required PPE.
- Each supervisor must train his/her employees regarding
(contact EH&S at 949 824-6200 if you need assistance):
- When PPE is necessary
- What type to use
- How to put on, take off, adjust, and wear appropriate PPE
- The proper maintenance, storage, disposal and useful life of
4.2 Faculty, Staff, Students, Visitors and Volunteers
- Each individual is responsible for wearing his/her required PPE
as identified by the supervisor, as a result of conducting a PPE assessment.
individual is responsible for maintaining and storing his/her PPE in
a clean and sanitary condition.
- Each individual must ensure that his/her PPE
is in good operating condition before wearing it.
- Each individual needs
to communicate to his/her supervisor any unforeseen hazards requiring
individual needs to report to his/her supervisor any defective
PPE or need for replacement.
- If requested, EH&S will assist supervisors, PI's,
SR's in completing the PPE Assessment Tool,
evaluating job hazards, or selection of appropriate PPE using the:
- For assistance, contact EH&S at 949-824-6200 or
- EH&S may also assist in determining the type of
PPE necessary based on the hazards involved in the job.
Specific Program Components
The purpose of personal protective equipment (PPE) is to protect individuals,
exposed to health and safety hazards, from the risk of injury by creating
a barrier against workplace hazards. PPE include devices for head protection,
eye and face protection, protective clothing, hand protection, foot protection,
hearing and respiratory protection. Using PPE requires hazard awareness and
training on the part of the user. PPE is not a substitute for good engineering
or administrative controls or good work practices, but should be used in
conjunction with these controls.
In order to be able to choose the proper PPE, the individual
must be aware of what hazards exist in the workplace. This involves obtaining
information on the types of hazards present, the toxicity of the materials
involved, and what other options are available to control exposure. General
information about chemicals may be found in Material
Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
The chronic and acute effect of chemicals, biological and radiological
materials should also be assessed. The next step would be to implement
the control measures necessary to prevent exposure into the operational
5.2 Head Protection
Head injuries are commonly caused by impact from falling or flying objects,
and falling or walking into hard objects. PPE devices such as hard hats may
protect you from objects falling on your head and, in a limited way, from
electrical shock or burns. Hard hats should be worn in areas where there
is potential for head injuries.
5.3 Eye and Face Protection
Eye protection must be worn where there is potential for injury
to the eyes or face from small particles, toxic chemicals, flying objects
or particles, large objects, thermal or radiation hazards, and lasers. According
to the types of and extent of hazards, different PPE should be worn. PPE
for the face and eyes includes devices such as safety glasses, goggles, and
face shields. These must always remain clean and free of contaminants. Safety
glasses or goggles must always be worn in laboratory areas.
For employees who wear prescription glasses, side shields must be permanently affixed to the frames to protect eyes from flying particles. Side shields on eyeglass frames must meet ANSI Z87.1 requirements and must not be removed. The employee’s home department is responsible for paying and covering the cost of prescription eyewear materials (frames and impact resistant lenses), up to a maximum of $150 per year. Employees are responsible for any additional professional fees associated with the eye examination, fitting and dispensing.
Currently, retail Lenscrafters stores carry up to 20 styles of eyeglass frames with permanently affixed side shields that meet Z87.1. Additionally, prescription eyeglass frames with side shields are available through a mail-order service, American Optical. Departments may use PalCard or the employee may reimbursed for the cost of the frames and lenses. Contact EH&S for additional assistance.
Temporary or part-time employees should be provided temporary safety glasses that can be placed over their personal prescription glasses. “Over-the-glasses” safety glasses are available through Physical Sciences (PS) Stores and Chem Stores. Contact EH&S for additional assistance.
5.4 Body Protection
Protective clothing, such as lab coats, should be worn when handling hazardous
materials. This will prevent the contamination of skin and clothing.
5.5 Hand Protection
Selecting the proper gloves is very important since it is our hands that
are often used to handle hazardous materials. These materials usually consist
of caustic or toxic chemicals, biological substances, electrical sources,
or extremely cold or hot objects that may irritate or burn your hands. In
addition, traumatic injuries such as cuts, sprains and punctures may also
occur. With the wide range of hazards, there also exists a wide range of
gloves that may be used as PPE. It is important to know that not all gloves
are protective against all chemicals. To choose the proper chemical resistance
gloves for a specific chemical, available Internet sources includes Glove
Chemical Resistance and Barrier Guide (Kleenguard),
and Glove Chemical Resistance Guide (Best
5.6 Foot Protection
Injuries that may occur when the proper footwear is not worn are chemical
and heat burns from spills and splashes of acids and caustics, compression
injuries, electrical shocks, and slipping. Wearing the proper footwear is
therefore, very important when working in areas where physical and chemical
hazards are present. Close-toed, heeled shoes must always be worn in laboratory areas
where chemicals are present.
5.7 Hearing Protection
Exposure to high levels of noise may result in
hearing loss. PPE should be worn when the noise level is 85 decibels
or greater averaged over an 8-hour period of time. Popular types of hearing
protection devices include earmuffs and foam earplugs. EH&S Industrial Hygiene Division, maybe contacted at (949) 824-6200 for
assistance to evaluate noise levels.
5.8 Respiratory Protection
Respirators are used to prevent the exposure to
air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes,
sprays, or vapors. All respirator usage, which includes disposable respirators,
air purifying respirators, and air supplied respirators, require annual
fit testing and training prior to use. EH&S Industrial Hygiene Division, maybe contacted at (949) 824-6200.
Competency Assessment and Training Requirements
Employees are initially trained in proper use and maintenance of any
PPE required in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions.
Information and external references
Title 8 California Code of Regulations, General Safety Orders:
Cal/OSHA Standard 3381,
Cal/OSHA Standard 3382,
Eye and Face Protection
Cal/OSHA Standard 3383,
Cal/OSHA Standard 3384,
Cal/OSHA Standard 3385,
Cal/OSHA Standard 5098,
Cal/OSHA Standard 5144,
Respiratory Protective Equipment
Personal Protective Equipment (Collection From OSHA)
Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)
Glove Chemical Resistance Guide
Chemical Resistance and Barrier Guide (Kleenguard)
A Guide for Evaluating
the Effectiveness of Chemical Protective Clothing (NIOSH)
revised: Dave Mori