Pool Water Quality Program
program applies to pools and spas located on campus property, including
University Hills. The Public Pool Safety Program will protect public
health and comfort by monitoring the campus swimming facilities
for compliance with the California Health and Safety Code, thereby,
providing a safe environment to enjoy recreational swimming on campus
- Program Description
- Specific Program Components
- Reporting Requirements
- Information and External
- Competency Assessment and Training
The goal of this program is two-fold:
- The campus Registered Environmental Health Specialist
(REHS) serves as a resource person for the campus community for current
information on Public Swimming Pool Safety.
- To provide reasonable and adequate guidance in reporting
alleged outbreaks of illness due to swimming at one of the swimming
facilities on campus property and to focus on the inspection of the
campus swimming facilities on campus property.
This program applies to pools and spas located on campus
property, including University Hills. The Public Pool Safety Program will
protect public health and comfort by monitoring the campus swimming facilities
for compliance with the California Health and Safety Code, thereby, providing
a safe environment to enjoy recreational swimming on campus property.
Waterborne Illness: A disease that is carried
or has been transmitted through water.
REHS: Registered Environmental Health Specialist
(i.e. Health Inspector)
The campus REHS enforces the requirements contained
in the California Health and Safety Code. These requirements include:
- Plan review to determine whether a new or remodeled
pool complies with California Health and Safety Code requirements AND
on site construction inspections.
- Unannounced inspections of pools throughout the
year to check that the fencing and gates are in good working order,
to monitor the pool water for clarity and sanitizer level and to check
for required safety equipment, warning signs and other safety issues.
- Investigations of complaints from the public regarding
unsafe or unsanitary public pools.
Specific Program Components
5.1. Pool Operational Requirements
The following is a summary of some of the important
health and safety issues that are enforced by EH&S.
5.1.1 Maintain the chlorine residual between 1.0
and 3.0 parts per million free available chlorine. When chlorine stabilizers
are added to the water, the residual should be maintained at 0.5 parts
per million or higher. Cyanuric acid readings should not exceed 100
ppm and shall be tested for by the operator at least once per month.
5.1.2 An approved working disinfectant device (automatic
chlorinator) is required. Continuous feeding of disinfectant and pool
filtration is required during the hours the pool is available for use.
5.1.3 The pH is to be maintained between 7.2 and
5.1.4 Pool cannot be used if water
is not clean and clear.
5.2 Safety Equipment:
5.2.1 Safety and rescue equipment should be readily
accessible at every swimming pool. These include:
- Body hook attached to a light, strong pole at least 12 feet in length.
- Life ring attached to a 3/16-inch line long enough to span the maximum
width of the pool (Minimum exterior diameter of ring should be 17
5.2.2 Safety signs (posted in plain view from the
nearby deck). These signs include:
- NO LIFEGUARD ON DUTY
UNDER THE AGE OF 14 SHOULD NOT USE POOL WITHOUT AN ADULT IN ATTENDANCE
- Diagrammed illustrations of artificial respiration procedures.
- Emergency phone number of the nearest emergency rescue service.
The "911" emergency number, which is in effect for police,
sheriff, fire and paramedic response, is recommended.
- The operator needs to maintain daily operating records.
- Drain covers need to be secured and removable only with tools and
must be designed to prevent physical entrapment or a suction hazard.
- Safety rope and buoys need to be maintained in the pool area if
the pool is equipped for fastening such equipment.
- The spa pool maximum water temperature is 104º Fahrenheit (40º
- The following warning sign must be posted adjacent to all spa pools:
Elderly persons, pregnant women,
infants and those with health conditions requiring medical care
should consult a physician before entering a spa.
Unsupervised use by children under the age of 14 is prohibited.
Hot water immersion while under the influence of alcohol, narcotics,
drugs or medicines may lead to serious consequences and is not recommended.
Do not use alone.
Long exposure may result in nausea, dizziness or fainting.
Should you have any questions or require further information
about these requirements, please call Environmental Health and Safety
5.3 Imminent Health Hazards:
This program focuses on the inspection of swimming,
wading and spa pools used by the public. The campus REHS will conduct
unannounced routine inspections of pools throughout the year. Some potentially
hazardous conditions could lead EH&S to order a public swimming, spa
or wade pool closed. Immediate corrective action is needed for the following
- Loose, damaged, or missing main drain covers.
Drowning and injuries have occurred when users became entrapped by the
suction produced from the drain in the bottom of spas, wading pools,
and swimming pools.
- Pool water that is so cloudy that the main
drain at the bottom of the pool is not visible. Drownings and
near drownings have occurred when children have fallen into a dirty,
cloudy pool and could not be located in time to effect a rescue.
- Nonfunctional recirculation system.
The recirculation system is designed to maintain the pool water in a
clear, disinfected and bacteriologically safe condition. If this system
is malfunctioning or has been placed out of service for any length of
time, it is impossible to maintain good water quality in the pool, spa
or wading pool. It is vital that pool water be maintained clear and
- The pool fencing/enclosure is in disrepair.
A pool that is not adequately fenced may be easily accessible to small
children. Proper fencing is the primary means to prevent drowning by
hindering access to the pool by small children. Changes to existing
fencing or the installation of a new enclosure must receive approval
from EH&S prior to the start of construction.
- Human fecal contamination in the pool.
Outbreaks of disease have been associated with pool water contaminated
with feces. When fecal matter is observed, the pool shall be immediately
closed and the fecal matter removed. The pool shall be super-chlorinated,
the water filtered for at least 24 hours and the filters backwashed
prior to reopening the pool. This same procedure should be employed
if a dead animal is found in the pool.
6. Reporting Requirements
If you have a complaint about a swimming facility
or the locker rooms on campus, you can leave a detailed voicemail message
with this office at the following telephone number: (949)-824-6200. The
campus Registered Environmental Health Specialist will contact you the
Information and External references
Links for Additional Information:
California Department of Public Health
Health and Safety Code
Centers for Disease Control
The Association of Pool and Spa Professionals
Jurisdictions: Here is a comprehensive list of the other Health Departments
in the Ventura, Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego Counties.
Angeles County Environmental Health
San Bernadino County Division of Environmental Health
City of Pasadena Division of Environmental Health
City of Vernon-Environmental Health Division
Riverside County Environmental
County Environmental Health
Competency Assessment and Training Requirements
A. REHS Certification: The UCI EH&S Registered
Environmental Health Specialist (REHS) must maintain a valid and current
REHS certification with the California Department of Public Health. For more information
about REHS qualifications, visit California's Department of Public Health